Category Archives: Ram Jack Helical Piles

Building Foundation Types

Foundation serves as an anchoring structure for a building. It holds the house into the ground and provides a level grounding for the building to sit on. A solid foundation is crucial to the longevity of your home or building. If your foundation was poorly built or has aged over time, your structure could settle as the soil moves. This leaves you with a damaged home.

Construction workers with blueprints at construction site
Construction workers with blueprints at construction site

Foundation allows a structure to stand in place, even when the soil around it shrinks or expands from moisture. This prevents the home from succumbing to environmental stresses below. If the soil is heavily saturated and turns into mud, a home or building still stands. Conversely, if the soil around the house is extremely dried out, a solid foundation will keep the home from moving too much.

One of the most important functions of foundation is to counteract weight. The deeper the foundation, the more counterbalance there can be. The counterbalance offsets any additional force that might be applied towards the building above the soil. By anchoring it into the ground, it is literally having the weight of the world push against it. This keeps the building locked into place.

Not every building requires the same amount of foundation, though. The demands of a skyscraper are vastly different than the needs of a manufactured home. Because of this, different building foundation types exist. This keeps each structure properly anchored due to its particular requirements.

 

Shallow Foundation

This is a majority of the foundation you will find in any residential area. The structure of a home or small building does not require a tremendous amount of counterbalance in order to keep it in place. As such, homebuilders primarily plant shallow foundation. This gives the base a structure needs to stay steady.

Shallow foundations can be made in a variety of methods. Their construction varies, but the purpose of each one remains the same: give buildings the support they need.

 

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Spread Footing

Spread footing is just a bit wider than the wall or structure directly above it. It’s a very precise, direct form of foundation where only the actual structure is supported instead of having any left over.

 

Combined Footing

Combined footing is where multiple columns are reinforced by fortified concrete. These may be utilized when a load bearing structure is unable to go past a certain point. You may find one of these in use when a column cannot go past a building’s end.

 

Strap Footing

Whereas combined footing are simply columns, strap footing takes it a step further. Strap footing columns are columns which are connected with a beam of concrete, or a “strap.” This strap helps distribute weight between columns, which relieves the weight pressed on each individual structure.

 

Mat Footing

Mat footing (also known as raft footing) is foundation that is fortified by steel beams. This is different than combined footing, as it is a wide foundation compared to a column. The beams are laid into place, then has concrete poured inside. This gives the foundation extra strength and helps hold the weight.

 

Deep Foundation

For bigger buildings such as office complexes, multiple story apartments, skyscrapers, and more, you have to dig deeper. This is where deep foundation comes in. Compared to something as superficial as shallow foundations, deep foundations bore deep into the Earth, laying thick bases for maximum stability.

Similarly to shallow foundation, deep foundation accomplishes its goals in a number of ways. Deep foundation is also used when the soil in a construction project is bad. This requires placing the brunt of the weight onto strong rock bases located far below the soil. Therefore, the load is no longer placed on the bad soil, but on the rocks far below.

 

 

helical-pile-crop-All Florida Ram Jack

Pile Foundation

Pile foundation is when a grouping of pylons or beams are placed together as one of the support echelons. The beam is usually made out of concrete or metal, though some beams are made out of wood. On top of this beam is a cap. This cap provides a firm setting on which the superstructure will rest on. This effectively forms the “pile,” though it resembles more of a column when finally deployed.

The benefit to this method is the wide distribution. Instead of one beam taking the brunt of a tremendous amount of weight, the weight is spread out. This requires each load to bear less. Additionally, it can be much easier to create one large column out of smaller elements instead of trying to handle one single massive column.

 

Helical Piles

Helical piles operate much the way a common household screw would, but on a macro level. Many steel plates are attached to each other and then torqued into the Earth. The pile then “screws” itself into the soil, securing the foundation and preparing itself to receive the load.

Ram Jack Texas deals with two different types of pile foundations: While driven piles are simply driven into the ground with hydraulic drivers, helical piles operate in a vastly different way. Instead of relying on a centralized structure, a helical pile relies on the outward forces of the helix plates on the surrounding load-bearing strata.. The location of all the weight is not centralized; it is spaced out vastly.

 

Contact : All Florida Ram Jack

Visit us at www.allfloridaramjack.com/

Foundation and Sinkhole Repair – Compaction Grouting – All Florida Ram Jack

Foundation & Sinkhole Repair and Compaction Grouting

Ram Jack offers several options for sinkhole repair and foundation remediation to residents in Tampa, Florida and the surrounding areas. Many types of soil can see improvement with Compaction Grouting. Compaction Grouting is used for soil stabilization and densification as well as void filling. This method is used to fill the voids in the ground around and under your dwelling, providing foundation reinforcement and can be used for sinkhole repair.

How Does Compaction Grouting Provide Soil Stabilization?

The main purpose of compaction grouting is to increase the load the soil can bear by adding material to the lower soil layers. To do this, we utilize a limited access drill (which can fit through a 36” door opening) to drill to the adequate depth. Next, a thick cement/grout mixture is pumped into the ground under high pressure using a Schwing 500 grout pump and steel casing. We are capable of achieving 800 psi maximum and pump to a depth of 200 vertical feet. The soils are compacted as the cement/grout mixture penetrates the soil. The thick cement mixture is formulated to remain tight within the soil and fill any voids. The grout seals off the top of the limestone layer first. As the casings are removed section by section, the compaction grout increases soil density layer by layer. Finally, the casings are removed from the ground, loaded back onto the trailer and removed from the repaired property.

  • Our Tampa sinkhole repair company uses a custom-made Boxer drill rig with rubber tracks that can fit through a 36” door opening.
  • We use Schwing 500 grout pumps for compaction grouting.
  • Our crews put down plywood to protect the customer’s grass while the drill rig is moved around.
  • Our consistent attention to detail is why customers choose Ram Jack.

Source: www.allfloridaramjack.com/sinkhole-repair.html

FIRE STATION SITS ON SINK HOLE

Williston-Police – Fire Headquarters

Williston Florida sinkhole Location: Williston, FL

Installer: Ram Jack Solid Foundations

 

Introduction:  The general public relies on first responders to maintain the peace, provide medical care, and support the community.  It’s never good news when a police and fire headquarters needs extensive repair.  Not only must cities rearrange their first response protocols to ensure the public remains safe and protected, it also complicates response times and inconveniences the public employees on whom the general public relies.  When the Williston Police and Fire Headquarters in Williston, Florida began suffering from some foundation problems, city officials called Ram Jack Solid Foundations to get the structure back in action as soon as possible.

Problem: Built by committee twenty years ago on top of an old cattle stock yard, the Williston Police and Fire building was suffering from serious foundation issues.  Not only was the soil settling, but the structure rested on a growing sink hole, making it unsafe to park the heavy fire trucks and engines in any of the six engine bays.  The geotechnical report proposed installing 420 cubic yards of grout, but the proximity of the site to a nearby city well made this solution less than ideal.  City officials wanted a safe place to conduct first response operations as soon as possible while maintaining the integrity of the city’s first response system.  Ram Jack Solid Foundations proposed an alternate solution that would both stabilize and repair the structure while allowing city employees to continue their important work.
Proposed Solution: Ram Jack Solid Foundations proposed the use of remediation helical piles to support the foundation in combination with placed grout to stabilize the ground below.  By using helical piles, the amount of grout needed would be reduced to 40 cubic yards, and the nearby well would not be threatened.  The helical piles would support the perimeter, interior, engine bays, and column footers; and the interior would be further supported by a newly placed slab to replace the damaged one.
Outcome:  Working around the clock in 24-hour shifts to complete the job as quickly as possible, Ram Jack removed the damaged foundation, installed helical piles, and placed a new foundation with no delays.  Once complete, 450 helical piles were installed to an average depth of 22 ft., supporting the newly placed foundation and allowing city employees to get back to their usual business of serving the public.  City officials were more than satisfied with the job and ecstatic to have their employees able to do their duties in a safe, stable structure.

Problem: Built by committee twenty years ago on top of an old cattle stock yard, the Williston Police and Fire building was suffering from serious foundation issues.  Not only was the soil settling, but the structure rested on a growing sink hole, making it unsafe to park the heavy fire trucks and engines in any of the six engine bays.  The geotechnical report proposed installing 420 cubic yards of grout, but the proximity of the site to a nearby city well made this solution less than ideal.  City officials wanted a safe place to conduct first response operations as soon as possible while maintaining the integrity of the city’s first response system.  Ram Jack Solid Foundations proposed an alternate solution that would both stabilize and repair the structure while allowing city employees to continue their important work.

Proposed Solution: Ram Jack Solid Foundations proposed the use of remediation helical piles to support the foundation in combination with placed grout to stabilize the ground below.  By using helical piles, the amount of grout needed would be reduced to 40 cubic yards, and the nearby well would not be threatened.  The helical piles would support the perimeter, interior, engine bays, and column footers; and the interior would be further supported by a newly placed slab to replace the damaged one.

Outcome:  Working around the clock in 24-hour shifts to complete the job as quickly as possible, Ram Jack removed the damaged foundation, installed helical piles, and placed a new foundation with no delays.  Once complete, 450 helical piles were installed to an average depth of 22 ft., supporting the newly placed foundation and allowing city employees to get back to their usual business of serving the public.  City officials were more than satisfied with the job and ecstatic to have their employees able to do their duties in a safe, stable structure.

Download the full case study in PDF format

 

Visit at www.allfloridaramjack.com

New Construction Piles – Ram Jack

All Florida RamJack : Residential & Commercial Sinkhole & Foundation Repair Specialists for Tampa, Florida.
Ram Jack's _New-construction -piles
What many may not know is that All Florida RamJack  can install new construction helical piles.

When builders are planning a home site on land that it is questionable, it is important for them to make sure that soils can support the weight of the potential foundation.

Many builders will hire a engineer to analyze the soils. The engineer will usually call for soil borings. These soil borings can let him know what types of soil are below and at what depth.

If the engineer finds soft soils or organic material that are still decomposing. These types of soils are not suitable to support the weight of the proposed foundation. That is when All Florida RamJack  comes into the picture.

The engineer will design a system consisting of helical piles. These are steel pipe with one or more helix disks on it. These anchors are hydraulically screwed into the soils until they hit resistance and are deemed able to support the necessary weight required to support the live and dead loads put upon them.

Once these helical piles are install, a new construction bracket is attached to the steel pipe. Once all these piles are installed and brackets in place the foundation contractor can form up and pour concrete footings right over them.

This process of installing new construction helical piles is the best way to ensure that the proposed foundation is stable and able to support all the weight of the foundation and house.

A foundation repair from All Florida RamJack  would be happy to answer any question you have about wall crack repair or chimney repair.

This process is usually more cost effective than other methods like removing all the soils and replacing with engineer fill.

At All Florida RamJack  all our crew workers are expertly trained to install new construction helical piles. Depending on the size of the helix and also the location of where they are being installed we may either use a mini excavator to hold the motor that screws the helix into the ground or do so by hand.

Our Project Manager will work closely with the engineer and will also handle any building permits necessary to do our job. As the crews are installing the new construction helical piles they will record all the pressures and depths. We keep these records in the customer files to reference in the future.

Once our job is done our crew will clean up after themselves. All scrap materials are recycled.

All our residential piles (including new construction piles) are covered by our Nationally Backed Transferable Lifetime Warranty. Even if something were to happen to RamJack New England the warranty would be handled by RamJack’s Corporate office who will arrange a nearby RamJack Dealer to handle any warranty work.

Contact All Florida RamJack today

  Please call us at (888) 903-3615                                                       Schedule your FREE estimate today!

We look forward to meeting and assisting you.

Our Foundation Repair Method for Homes with a Crawl Space

Crawl Space Repair

 

Pier and beam homes, generally referred to as crawl space homes, present an interesting twist on foundation failure. While many homes will still experience perimeter settlement of the foundation, the interior of the home is often where we see the most movement. This is largely due to initial construction and soil conditions, and it can lead to the need for crawl space repair.

Typical crawl space repair involves inferior methods, including inserting wooden or steel shims between the concrete blocks and the wooden structure. While shimming may initially seem effective, it has to be adjusted every few years.

 

Signs of Foundation Issues with Crawl Spaces

Crawl Space Repair - Helical Piles

 

Pier and beam homes with settling will experience sagging. This means floors will sag or slope. Windows and doors may be difficult to open and close—causing a hazard as well as being frustrating. Non-load bearing walls may begin to pull away from the structure along the top edge of the wall. All of these interior symptoms may point to an even larger issue under your home.

 

Left unrepaired, a sagging home due to foundation issues with homes with crawl spaces will only get worse over time. Shifting beams, floor joists, wall joists, and walls themselves may cause plumbing to move within walls or under your home, causing further damage.

 

Our Foundation Repair Method for Homes with a Crawl Space

 

All Florida Ram Jack  offers a permanent solution to use in place of the shim method. By installing helical piles in place of your existing concrete block footings, the interior of the home will rest on a load-bearing stratum that is resistant to seasonal changes, allowing for a consistent base for your home through seasonal cycles.

 

Crawl Space Repair - Inferior Methods

 

Ram Jack installed piles to support the Rowing Center Building, the deck, and dock

RAM JACK TRI STATES CASE STUDY VIDEO

Scott MacKay with Ram Jack Tri States just finished a 172 pile job in Conshohocken, PA. Ram Jack installed piles to support the Rowing Center Building, the deck, and dock. All the concrete is supported by Ram Jack Helical Piles. In all there are 120 under the building, 32 under the deck, and another 20 under the concrete dock supports.

To the left is a screen shot of a four minute aerial fly over video of the project.

What a great way to use today’s technology with your case studies. If you have any interesting jobs you would like to send in to have a case study created please visit  ramjack.com/CaseStudyForm and let us know if you have any questions. We look forward to seeing this job from Ram Jack Tri States as a printed case study.
To view the video: bit.ly/RowingCenterCaseStudyVideo

 

Visit us at www.allfloridaramjack.com