Whatever the cause, settlement can destroy the value of structures and even render them unsafe.
In any case, water is the basic culprit in the vast majority of expansive soil problems. Specific constituents of certain soils tend to swell or shrink with variations in moisture. The extent of this movement varies from soil to soil.
Those soils highest in clay content are generally more susceptible while those lowest in clay content are the least affected. In some areas the movement in insignificant; in others, it is quite pronounced.
When unstable soils are used as a base for a foundation, the tendency for movement is transmitted to the foundation. Since soil movement is rarely uniform, the foundation is subjected to a differential or upheaval.
The problem shows up in both slab, and pier and beam type foundations.
If all the soil beneath a foundation or slab swells uniformly, there usually is no problem. Problems occur, however, when only part of the slab settles. Then, the differential movement causes cracks or other damages.
In residential properties, slab settlement problems can result in potential damage to the structure, potential accidents, and loss of real estate value. Poor drainage, tripping hazards, rough floors, unsightly cracks, and equipment malfunctions may also result from concrete slab settlement.
IMPORTANT TIPS WHEN HIRING A FOUNDATION REPAIR CONTRACTOR
Foundation work is definitely not a do-it-yourself project, so it makes good sense to get at least three licensed contractors to give you a detailed proposal along with an assessment of your issues. The average inspection takes about two hours. Ron Davidson of Ram Jack Systems also offers the following advice and precautionary measures:
Educate yourself on foundation repair methods and ask a lot of questions. Don’t make your final decision based on advertising and cheap prices. If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is.
Don’t do business with a contractor that does not have their foundation repair methods evaluated by ICC-ES (International Code Council Evaluation Services). This nonprofit organization ensures that building products meet code compliance.
In most areas of the country, a reputable contractor will have a clause for the depth of the hydraulic piling (typically 20 to 30 feet). Beyond that depth, there is usually an additional charge, ranging from $20 to $30 per foot. If a contractor has no depth clause, be cautious. It’s unlikely that the contractor would continue to operate at a loss, and would instead just stop at the depth that would guarantee a profit.
Some foundation repair projects require removal of landscaping in the areas of the work, and the contractor typically won’t guarantee that a bush or shrub will survive after removal and replacement.
Warranties or guarantees for foundation repair work are very important, so pay close attention to their terms. Remember that a warranty is only as good as the company that backs it. Look for a national company that can offer a warranty trust. This means that if the company goes out of business, there is a plan in place to provide follow-up service, if needed.
A house that has cracks inside or outside may have foundation issues that need to be repaired. The cracks can be found in the brick, sheetrock, floorboards, tile, and foundation. Many times gaps can be found between some doors and windows. The damages can also cause problems in the basement including leaning walls and flooding.
The reason for foundation damage is the soil beneath the home. Expansive soil can shrink and swell according to the moisture in the ground. High moisture levels can cause the soil to expand which will heave and lift the home. Some factors that contribute to too much moisture in the soil are plumbing leaks and improper drainage. The opposite can also happen. If there’s not enough moisture in the soil, it will shrink and cause the foundation to settle. Besides wind and heat, another factor that can cause a lack of moisture in the ground is trees. If trees are present close to a home, the roots can extend under the home’s foundation and take in the moisture from the soil.
Why do we need to repair these? If the foundation isn’t repaired, the issues can get worse over time. Repairing the foundation cannot only help with the cracks in the house, but it can also fix doors and windows that no longer close properly. Another reason for foundation repair is the home’s resale value. Since most people end up selling their home at some point, the resale value will be significantly lower if the home has foundation and structural damages. These damages must be disclosed to potential buyers. In the end, no one wants to purchase a home with signs of foundation failure and it is cheaper to repair your homes foundation rather than risk lowering the price substantially to make a sale.
New Seawall and Retainer Wall Construction Seawall – Retainer Wall Repair and Stabilization
Seawall Repair and Stabilization
Seawalls take a pounding; constant wave action, pressure from the landfill, weather, and even parasites all work against it.
Depending on what method of construction, what materials were used, and how much environmental pressure is placed on the seawall determine how long it lasts.
Ram Jack Solid Foundations has the best solutions to seawall construction, repair and stabilization. We offer an affordable, permanent, patent pending method of repair for all types of seawall construction and applications. Have your seawall repaired by Ram Jack experts so it’ll last a lifetime. Be safe, improve your property value, and protect your assets.
Watch our short Seawall Repair Solutions video… Click Here!
FREE Estimates Lifetime Warranty Financing Available
Call All Florida Ram Jack today to schedule your FREE evaluation!
Foundation serves as an anchoring structure for a building. It holds the house into the ground and provides a level grounding for the building to sit on. A solid foundation is crucial to the longevity of your home or building. If your foundation was poorly built or has aged over time, your structure could settle as the soil moves. This leaves you with a damaged home.
Foundation allows a structure to stand in place, even when the soil around it shrinks or expands from moisture. This prevents the home from succumbing to environmental stresses below. If the soil is heavily saturated and turns into mud, a home or building still stands. Conversely, if the soil around the house is extremely dried out, a solid foundation will keep the home from moving too much.
One of the most important functions of foundation is to counteract weight. The deeper the foundation, the more counterbalance there can be. The counterbalance offsets any additional force that might be applied towards the building above the soil. By anchoring it into the ground, it is literally having the weight of the world push against it. This keeps the building locked into place.
Not every building requires the same amount of foundation, though. The demands of a skyscraper are vastly different than the needs of a manufactured home. Because of this, different building foundation types exist. This keeps each structure properly anchored due to its particular requirements.
This is a majority of the foundation you will find in any residential area. The structure of a home or small building does not require a tremendous amount of counterbalance in order to keep it in place. As such, homebuilders primarily plant shallow foundation. This gives the base a structure needs to stay steady.
Shallow foundations can be made in a variety of methods. Their construction varies, but the purpose of each one remains the same: give buildings the support they need.
Spread footing is just a bit wider than the wall or structure directly above it. It’s a very precise, direct form of foundation where only the actual structure is supported instead of having any left over.
Combined footing is where multiple columns are reinforced by fortified concrete. These may be utilized when a load bearing structure is unable to go past a certain point. You may find one of these in use when a column cannot go past a building’s end.
Whereas combined footing are simply columns, strap footing takes it a step further. Strap footing columns are columns which are connected with a beam of concrete, or a “strap.” This strap helps distribute weight between columns, which relieves the weight pressed on each individual structure.
Mat footing (also known as raft footing) is foundation that is fortified by steel beams. This is different than combined footing, as it is a wide foundation compared to a column. The beams are laid into place, then has concrete poured inside. This gives the foundation extra strength and helps hold the weight.
For bigger buildings such as office complexes, multiple story apartments, skyscrapers, and more, you have to dig deeper. This is where deep foundation comes in. Compared to something as superficial as shallow foundations, deep foundations bore deep into the Earth, laying thick bases for maximum stability.
Similarly to shallow foundation, deep foundation accomplishes its goals in a number of ways. Deep foundation is also used when the soil in a construction project is bad. This requires placing the brunt of the weight onto strong rock bases located far below the soil. Therefore, the load is no longer placed on the bad soil, but on the rocks far below.
Pile foundation is when a grouping of pylons or beams are placed together as one of the support echelons. The beam is usually made out of concrete or metal, though some beams are made out of wood. On top of this beam is a cap. This cap provides a firm setting on which the superstructure will rest on. This effectively forms the “pile,” though it resembles more of a column when finally deployed.
The benefit to this method is the wide distribution. Instead of one beam taking the brunt of a tremendous amount of weight, the weight is spread out. This requires each load to bear less. Additionally, it can be much easier to create one large column out of smaller elements instead of trying to handle one single massive column.
Helical piles operate much the way a common household screw would, but on a macro level. Many steel plates are attached to each other and then torqued into the Earth. The pile then “screws” itself into the soil, securing the foundation and preparing itself to receive the load.
Ram Jack Texas deals with two different types of pile foundations: While driven piles are simply driven into the ground with hydraulic drivers, helical piles operate in a vastly different way. Instead of relying on a centralized structure, a helical pile relies on the outward forces of the helix plates on the surrounding load-bearing strata.. The location of all the weight is not centralized; it is spaced out vastly.
Since 1968, Ram Jack Foundation Solutions has been the leader in foundation repair. We set the industry standard for foundation repair companies.
Engineers across the United States have found Ram Jack® to have the versatility to solve some of the most difficult foundation problems to be encountered. Whatever your foundation repair need happens to be, Ram Jack has got you covered.
As dealers of Ram Jack® in Florida, the construction experts, let us do the work so you can relax, knowing your residential or commercial project is in the right hands. Backed by the cumulative engineering knowledge and support of the largest foundation repair network in the country, Ram Jack products have virtually no failure.
Our success comes from our reputation as experienced problem solvers, with an ability to overcome construction challenges with time saving efficiency. We’re here to serve you with strong, reliable solutions you can depend on for years to come. Contact us today to learn more.
Ram Jack EZ pay™, backed by the FDIC insured EnerBank USA, offers eligible customers 100% financing for foundation repairs. Unsecured 3, 6, 12, and 18 month Same-As-Cash Options as well as other financing products including repayment terms from 1 to 10 years are available.
Foundation & Sinkhole Repair and Compaction Grouting
Ram Jack offers several options for sinkhole repair and foundation remediation to residents in Tampa, Florida and the surrounding areas. Many types of soil can see improvement with Compaction Grouting. Compaction Grouting is used for soil stabilization and densification as well as void filling. This method is used to fill the voids in the ground around and under your dwelling, providing foundation reinforcement and can be used for sinkhole repair.
How Does Compaction Grouting Provide Soil Stabilization?
The main purpose of compaction grouting is to increase the load the soil can bear by adding material to the lower soil layers. To do this, we utilize a limited access drill (which can fit through a 36” door opening) to drill to the adequate depth. Next, a thick cement/grout mixture is pumped into the ground under high pressure using a Schwing 500 grout pump and steel casing. We are capable of achieving 800 psi maximum and pump to a depth of 200 vertical feet. The soils are compacted as the cement/grout mixture penetrates the soil. The thick cement mixture is formulated to remain tight within the soil and fill any voids. The grout seals off the top of the limestone layer first. As the casings are removed section by section, the compaction grout increases soil density layer by layer. Finally, the casings are removed from the ground, loaded back onto the trailer and removed from the repaired property.
Our Tampa sinkhole repair company uses a custom-made Boxer drill rig with rubber tracks that can fit through a 36” door opening.
We use Schwing 500 grout pumps for compaction grouting.
Our crews put down plywood to protect the customer’s grass while the drill rig is moved around.
Our consistent attention to detail is why customers choose Ram Jack.